A examine of the background of ear gauging suggests the apply to be as outdated as recorded human background. For males, this kind of ear piercing has been a image of standing, even though for females, in addition to staying made use of as implies of bodily decoration, it has also been employed to signify the attainment of womanhood.
Ear gauging, which is also referred to as ear stretching, is the stretching of ear lobe piercings to more substantial diameters than that of the initial piercing. It is a kind of overall body improvement or beautification that lots of youthful western individuals undertake to search ‘different’ from the normal crowd. Having said that, this is not a present day kind of overall body piercing, since it has been about for as long as archaeological information exist.
In lots of instances, ear gauging has been made use of traditionally to reveal the standing of associates of a particular tribe, and in lots of respects this is nevertheless the condition right now. Stretched piercings have been, and nevertheless are, a reflection on the individual’s sexual ability and also their superiority in excess of other males in the tribe. The more substantial the stretching, the more crucial the specific.
Otzi the Iceman is a prime example of mummies recognised to have stretched ears. This is the earliest recognised example of ear gauging, Otzi acquiring 7-eleven mm ear piercings in the course of 3300 BC. It has been advised that the stretching of the ears pointed out in depictions of Siddhartha Gautama, greater recognised as Buddha, may perhaps have been brought about by the body weight of the gold jewellery he wore, but this is mere supposition.
It is supported, nonetheless, by the fact that the Masai tribe of Kenya and the Lahu and Karen-Paduang individuals of Thailand use this ‘gravity’ strategy to extend their piercings. Enable us have a search at the ear gauging procedures made use of right now by numerous cultures.
A. Mursi Tribal Females
The Mursi is an Ethiopian tribe exactly where the females are obliged to don plates in their gauged ears and on their bottom lip. About a calendar year prior to her marriage, or at about fifteen several years of age, a Mursi girl’s lip will be pierced by her mom and a wood peg pushed through the incision.
Once healed, the peg is modified for a more substantial diameter just one. At some point, the peg is replaced by a plate of clay or wooden, and this plate is successively modified for more substantial diameter kinds until the necessary diameter is attained – from about eight – 22 cm in diameter (3 – nine inches). Once these plates have been secured, she receives a higher diploma of respect than those people without having them, and is recognised as a ‘Bhansanai’.
These lip and ear plates need to have not be worn forever, but are an predicted adornment in the course of particular occasions this kind of as in the course of weddings and other celebrations, and when they provide food stuff to males. Now, youthful females can generally make their own determination as to whether or not they stick to this custom.
B. The Masai People of Kenya
The apply of ear gauging has been widespread amongst Masai males and females for thousands of several years. In modern several years, nonetheless, most youthful males have not been next this custom made, while you will nevertheless come across lots of Masai females donning ear decorations manufactured from stones, cross-lower elephant tusks, wooden and animal bones.
The initial piercing is carried out making use of a thorn, sharpened twig or a sharp knife issue. Once healed, ear gauging is then carried out by donning more and more significant jewelry that pulls the lobe down and stretches the piercing. This is the conventional way of gauging ears in the more primitive cultures, while lots of Masai right now will use proper ear gauging procedures, this kind of as their own versions of insertion tapers or taper spikes. Beads are a widespread kind of ornamentation, while plugs manufactured from bone, tusks and wooden are also made use of.
C. The African Fulani Tribe
Fulani females from Nigeria and Central Africa tend to use more compact diameter ear gauges, and enhance them making use of significant gold domes or hoops carrying earrings. A Fulani child will have her ears pierced at about 3 several years outdated, while they may perhaps not be stretched until she is more mature. The gauges made use of by Fulani females are reasonably small as opposed to the Masai and Mursi, while the jewelry can be more substantial.
D. Asian Hill Tribes
Of the numerous hill tribes, the only two recognised to apply ear gauging are the Lahu from Thailand, and the Karen-Padaung (Longnecks) from Myanmar (Burma) and also the Phrae province in Thailand. That latter tribe are best recognised for their neck rings, providing the overall look of long necks, but both cultures believe that the ear to be sacred and the more jewelry they can don on the greater. By gauging their ears, they are capable to don the highest volume of jewelry they believe that probable.
E. Mexican and Central American Civilizations
In Mayan and Aztec society, ear gauging was regarded as attractive for males. There are lots of Mayan representations of males with flares and ear plugs (ear spools) in gauged ears, and the materials made use of was indicative of the social standing of the wearer. Jade ear plugs had been worn by the higher courses, even though the rest would use bone, stone, wooden and other products. In central Mexico, the craftsmanship of the Aztecs is evident in the ear gauging plugs and ornaments of gold and silver, even though the reduce courses would adorn their stretches earlobes with shells, copper and wooden amongst lots of other imaginative products.
Ear gauging has been carried out around the world, and amongst other notable areas concerned in this apply are Japan, exactly where the Ainu made use of ear jewelry manufactured from shells, bone and a ball and ring recognised as Ninkari. There are lots of other cultures around the world exactly where ear gauging was a component of their life, and even right now lots of individuals regard ear stretching as a manner statement and a way of expressing their own identity and individuality.
Supply: EzineArticles.com by Mark Z Wilson